The history of the mobile network is magnificent and mankind has manifested a remarkable evolution. Well, the journey of mobile networks started with 1G and it continues with 2G, 3G, and 4G. Most of the population is right now connected to 4G mobile networks. But, the 5th generation or 5G mobile network is almost knocking on the door.
So, what is 5G & how does it work? 5G is the latest generation of cellular technology that promises us light-blazing data transfer. It means that you can expect multi-Gigabit per second data transmission with minimum latency. Additionally, the mobile network will be available to more and more people covering most of the nooks and corners of this globe.
As a result of 5G, every single IoT device can stay connected. It will connect new industries and create a feasible user experience.
Are you excited to know more about 5G? Let’s answer your query: What is 5G & how does it work?
Who Masterminded 5G?
This might be a parallel question to your existing query saga: ‘What is 5G & how does it work?. To be frank, it wasn’t a single carrier or company that came up with the idea of 5G. Rather, a handful of companies in the same network ecosystem decided to bring 5G to reality.
If you want to know which was the first country to adopt 5G, then we have a definite answer. South Korea is the first nation to adopt the 5th generation mobile network. It happened in April 2019. At that point, 88 countries were still investing in 5g with 224 operators.
Mobile devices from Samsung, Nokia, and Ericsson are in demand for using 5G across South Korea. Currently, there are 9 companies that support hardware for the 5th generation mobile network and they are:
- Cisco Systems
- Datang Telecom
What is 5G & How Does It Work?
You know what 5G is; it’s the latest generation of mobile networks. But, the operating methodology might be completely new for you. You know that wireless communications take place through radio frequencies to traverse through air. The 5th generation mobile network also uses radio frequencies.
What’s different for 5G is that it uses higher radio frequencies, and they are less scattered. Since they are more organised and use higher frequencies, it’s possible for 5G to carry much more data at a faster speed. You can call these radio frequencies ‘millimetre waves’ or ‘mmwaves’. The section of mmwaves is broadly undiscovered due to its expensive implementation.
However, there are challenges associated with the transfer rate of higher bands. There might be issues with sending such high radio frequencies to longer distances or overseas. Interference from physical objects such as large buildings and trees can easily interrupt wireless communication.
How will 5G stand out in given circumstances? That’s why 5G is going to implement communication with the help of multiple input and output antennas. It will definitely boost wireless communication by improving the coverage area and capacity.
In addition to this, carriers will make use of smaller transmitters. Those transmitters will be on-street objects and buildings. 5G technology can divide a physical network into numerous virtual networks.
Thus, network management gets easier with 5G as operators can deliver the right division or slice according to the use. For example, users might be able to use different slices for streaming videos rather than controlling autonomous vehicles. Businesses are more likely to get their own plans that they can lend to survive out of the competing traffic.
Other Technologies Contributing to the Rise of 5G
Apart from the above-mentioned methodologies, the 5th generation mobile network is a base product of Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing. This technology is responsible for the reduction of interference across different channels.
There are similarities between 4G LTE and 5G OFDM. Both operate on the same mobile network principles. The addition of brand new 5G NR Air interference provides 5G more flexibility. 5G is designed to provide faster communication as well as reach areas with mission-critical communications. No doubt, it will keep connecting more and more IoT devices.
How is 5G Different from 4G?
Not to mention, 5G will be much faster than 4G. In addition to this, the 5th generation mobile network comes with more capacity and less latency compared to 4G. On the other hand, 5G is a more capable and unified platform as it can use spectrum better than 4G.
5G can provide an elevated mobile broadband experience. In addition to this, 5G is liable to support unlicensed, shared, and licensed spectrum types. Traditional macro cells have been transformed into wide range deployment models of hotspots. There are new ways to interconnect such as multi-hop mesh and device-to-device technique.
Besides this, 5G can carry more traffic and it leads to a more efficient and stable network connection. Latency factors have come down to 1/10th of previous values with the advent of 5G. Therefore, you can expect more instantaneous, real-time access to mobile network amenities.
When will 5G Hit the Globe?
Well, 4G won’t vanish overnight. It will take almost a decade to make infrastructure possible and sustainable for 5G. After all, the cost of deployment of different components is seriously high. Especially when you are talking about rural areas of the world. And, low latency might not be something that they wish for.
However, we expect that 5G is going to take the world by storm by 2035. The impact on associated industries and blooming ones will definitely be big. For example, the presence of 5G is going to assist the automotive industry. As per statistics, the 5G value chain can help with 22.8 million employment. Nevertheless, the 5G effect will be great on the overall global economy.
Where are the Potentials to Use 5G?
Like any other mobile network technology, it will connect people to servers, devices, and IoT devices. Experience impressive VR and AR technologies with no latency with 5G. In addition to this, 5G will link you to critical infrastructure, healthcare facilities, and vehicles. Get lean and cost-efficient solutions with faster data rates, more power, and agility. A new world is awaiting the emergence and iterations of 5G.